A best-selling car gets better: the 2018-2020 Toyota Camry
For many years, the Toyota Camry was the best selling sedan in America, but cost-cutting took its toll, and it started to lag behind competitors. The eighth generation, starting with the 2018 Camry, was engineered and outfitted to end that, and put the Camry back on top.
Toyota, like nearly everyone else, standardized on a new global architecture, tubbed TNGA (Toyota New Global Architecture), which in this case is shared with (among others) the Corolla, Avalon, and Lexus ES. One goal was to make the car more fun to drive, and we can attest to the fact that, with its new powertrain and suspension tuning, the 2018 Camry has easily surpassed its predecessor. One design goal was lowering the center of gravity, which helps in both appearance and handling; another was making the cabin more exciting, while keeping it practical.
2020 Camry TRD
Still to come for 2020 is the Camry TRD, a performance-tuned version with lightweight 19-inch matte black wheels, a very visible aero-and-brakes package, gloss black mesh grille, and special exhuast tips (the TRD will have the usual 301-hp V6 and eight-speed automatic, a fine combination but not exactly challenging the SRT guys despite a louder muffler). The functional parts of the Camry TRD are 44% stiffer front springs, 67% stiffer rear springs, thicker sway bars, a 0.6-inch suspension drop, half-inch-wider wheels with high-performance tires, and 0.9-inch larger rotors acted on by dual-piston calipers.
The new two-piece grille, with flowing thin and thick treatments, is part of the “Keen Look” design. The hood is 1.6 inches lower; hybrids have a blue-tinged emblem. The seats’ hip points are lower (0.8 inches in the front and 1.2 inches in the rear), allowing for a roof height one inch lower, for better aerodynamics and a sportier look.
There are now five grades — L, LE, XLE, SE, and XSE; the SE and XSE are sportier, and have a sculpted rocker panel, 19-inch black machined-finish alloy wheels (optional on SE), a rear spoiler lip, altered front and rear bumpers, and rear bumper with a lower diffuser. Large side intakes flank the lower bumper, with a gloss black mesh grille between.
2018 Toyota Camry body and chassis
The interior was completely redesigned, not just for a sporty feel (gauges are angled towards the driver) or for openness, but to integrate electronics and controls as completely as possible. The front and rear seats were dramatically improved in comfort and appearance. There are three different displays: a ten-inch heads-up display, a seven-inch gauge cluster screen, and an eight-inch center screen mounted flush into the console.
The new Camry has probably been more successful than any other car in integrating a big center screen.
The old rear suspension has been replaced by a new double wishbone design, for far better cornering and ride. An old aftermarket trick, a front suspension tower brace, is standard, using a closed cross-section construction; in back, a new rear body frame of annular construction enhances structural rigidity, with extra braces in the rear suspension to withstand greater lateral force.
The body structure has 30% more torsional rigidity, partly thanks to high-tensile-strength sheet metal and hot stamping materials; an aluminum hood and thinner body panels cut weight. Laser Screw Welding (LSW) at key junctures, along with extra gussets at the B-pillar, increase joint rigidity; and a high-rigidity urethane adhesive on the windshield and rear window increases body rigidity.
Toyota incorporated new noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) countermeasures, including a hood insulator, upper and lower fender separators, foam/vibration dampening materials throughout the car, a thicker dash silencer mat, and a vibration-damping coating applied over a wider area of the underfloor, joined by noise-proofing material across more of the interior’s ceiling. Wind noise was suppressed through a redesigned rain gutter molding and a reduction in the step at the bottom of the windshield. Visibility was also increased in all directions.
New colors are Wind Chill Pearl, Brownstone, and Galactic Aqua Mica. Carryovers are Super White, Celestial Silver Metallic, Predawn Gray Mica, Midnight Black Metallic, Ruby Flare Pearl, Blue Streak Metallic, and Blue Crush Metallic. (Camry XSE adds a black-roof option to the Blue Streak Metallic, Celestial Silver, or Wind Chill Pearl colors). Interiors are Ash, Macadamia or Black, with red optional on the XSE.
2018 Camry Powertrain
New four-point engine mounts cut noise and vibration from reaching the cabin.
The old four-cylinder has been upgraded and dubbed “Dynamic Force;” the V6 has been upgraded; and the six-speed transmission has been replaced by an eight-speed with a far greater range, both improving launches and providing better fuel economy and lower noise.
Direct injection, a high compression ratio, variable cooling, and multi-hole injectors all increase the four-cylinder engine’s efficiency, while the long stroke helps with low-end torque. A new VVT-iE system, electric-motor-controlled intelligent variable valve timing, is on the intake side; the exhaust uses hydraulically controlled intelligent variable valve timing (the electric motor on the intake side is to help with cold temperatures or low engine speeds). The bore is the same as the prior generation, with the stroke lengthened from 3.68 to 4.07 inches.
|Bore x Stroke||3.44 x 4.07||3.70 x 3.27|
|Horsepower||206 @ 6,600||176 @ 5,700||301 @ 6,600|
|Torque (lb-ft)||186 @ 5,000||163 @ 3,600-5,200||267 @ 4,700|
In addition to the high-pressure direct fuel injection system, the car has low-pressure port fuel injection; the choice varies based on operating conditions. The engine has a variable oil pump and cooled EGR.
The 3.5 liter V6 also has the D-4S direct injection system, and a new wide-range VVT-iW intelligent variable valve timing system which allows the car to switch to an Atkinson cycle as needed. Gas mileage is up by 8% thanks to the engine improvements and transmission change.
The “Direct Shift” 8-speed automatic transmission has close-ratio middle gears, a torque converter with a wider lockup range, and new control logic to better match engine torque and have smoother downshifts.
The updated Toyota Hybrid System (THS II) has a new “Sequential Shiftmatic” system that lets the continuously-variable transmission (CVT) mimick a six-speed automatic, with driver overrides via paddle shifters (on SE grade) or with the console-mounted shift lever. Combined gas mileage rose by 21%. There are two electric motors, both of which can be used to recharge the battery when coasting or braking.
The 2018 Camry Hybrid LE has a Lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery pack; the SE and XLE have a Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) battery pack.
New packaging allowed the battery to move from the trunk to under the rear seat, with a lower center of gravity. The engine computer has integrated controllers better and has a new power stack structure, so it can be placed above the transacle, allowing for a lower hood and lower center of mass; it’s also lighter and more compact. A revised DC-DC converter, which changes direct current from one voltage to another, has been updated for less waste, a smaller size, and less noise.
There are four drive modes — normal, economy, electric-only, and a new Sport mode which brings a more sensitive throttle response. There is also a new Auto Glide Control (AGC), which makes coasting more efficient. Under normal driving, engine braking slows the car down when the driver lifts off from the accelerator pedal; the new AGC limits the loss of speed through an automatic drive setting that acts more like a neutral gear, allowing the car to coast to a stoplight. It is only used in the Economy mode.
Toyota has quickly been making key safety systems standard. On the Camry, this includes:
- Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection and Smart Stop
- Dynamic (distance-maintaining) Radar Cruise Control (DRCC)
- Lane Departure Alert with Steering Assist
- Automatic High Beams (AHB).
- Ten standard airbags
- Electronic brake-force distribution and brake assist
Higher trim levels come with a blind spot monitor and rear cross traffic alert for backing up safely when you can’t see to either side (using bumper sensors). The optional intelligent clearance sonar includes rear cross-traffic braking, too.
The new Toyota EntuneTM 3.0 multimedia system has navigation and apps for everyone. The four-cylinder cars come with Connected Navigation GPS Link with Moving Maps, and the V6 has the more-accurate Dynamic Navigation system with over-the-air map updates (including local details).
New technologies include remote start and door unlock capability, vehicle status notifications, a guest driver monitor, and vehicle finder. The optional Service Connect provides information on fuel level, maintenance alerts, and such. The cars will also have optional local WiFi hot-spots using 4G Verizon cellular.
The optional JBL audio has been updated, and now includes sound staging, low-frequency sounds from a 10.1-inch subwoofer, music decompression (Clari-Fi), and nine speakers.
Over ten million Camrys have been sold in the United States; the Camry has been the best selling sedan in America for 15 consecutive years.
2018-2019 Toyota Camry specs (with comparison to 2012)
|Horsepower (4-cyl)||178 hp||203 hp|
|Length / Width||189.2 x 71.7||192.1 x 72.4|
|Cargo vol (cf), sedan||15||15.1|
|Gas tank||17 gal||14.5-16 gal|
|Front headroom/ legroom||38.8 / 41.6||38.3 / 42.1|
|Rear headroom/ legroom||38.1 / 38.9||38.0 / 38.0|
|EPA mpg (4-cyl, auto)||25/35||29/41|
|EPA mpg (V6, auto)||21/30||22/33|
|EPA mpg (hybrid)||51/53|